inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the pia mater; ARACHNOID; and dura mater. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical meningitis), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS meningitis), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)


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Last update: September 2014