FAQ - sepsis
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So sepsis is a bacteria in the bloodstream?


If sepsis is a bacteria in the bloodstream can it happen when you have a blood transfusion or kidney removal or how does sepsis get in the blood?
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Sepsis (in Greek Σήψις, putrefaction) is a serious medical condition caused by a severe infection. The more critical subsets of sepsis include severe sepsis (sepsis with acute organ dysfunction) and septic shock (sepsis with refractory arterial hypotension). If a proven source of infection is lacking but the other criteria of sepsis are met the condition typically meets the criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS); the exception is the condition greater than 10% band forms (this is not a part of the SIRS definition).

Septicemia is sepsis of the bloodstream caused by bacteremia, which is the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream. The term septicemia is also used to refer to sepsis in general.
Sepsis can occur when there is an invasive procedure, any surgery, if the wounds are not properly tended to, or it can result from any infection in the body going untreated and teh bacteria growing out of control  (+ info)

What is sepsis and is it dangerous?


My friends brother has a high temperature and it hasn't gone down and they took him to the doctor, and they did a blood test. They think it might be sepsis. What is sepsis and is it dangerous?
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Basically, all sepsis consists of is there being an infection in the bloodstream or tissues. Either bacteria or a virus is in the bloodstream and it can be very harmful if untreated.

Sepsis first causes high heart rate, high temperature, high respiratory rate and low white blood cell count. This is the body's reaction to fighting off the infection.

If not treated, the infection can spread to other organs, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, brain and more. If other organs continue to get infected, the body eventually shuts down and the person dies.

Treatment for sepsis mostly consists of antibiotics being given to the infected individual.

Since most cases of sepsis are found before damage is done, sepsis is not a major, fatal infection; but it is serious in some cases, depending how long and the type of infection the individual has.  (+ info)

What is the difference between Meningococcal Sepsis and Meningocaccal Meningitis?


I'm not the smartest pea in the pod, so if you could explain it in simple terms that would be really great. Thanks.
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Meningitis, strictly speaking, is an inflammation of the meninges. There are many causes for inflammation of tissue, and the meninges are no exception. However, the most common cause of meningeal inflammation is irritation caused by infection with bacteria or viruses. These organisms usually enter the meninges through the bloodstream from other parts of the body. Many meningitis-causing bacteria are carried in the nose and throat, often without the carrier having symptoms.

"Sepsis" is the term we use for an overwhelming bacterial infection. Sepsis usually includes "bacteremia", or bacteria in the blood, although bacteremia can happen without sepsis (you will have bacteria in your blood briefly every time you brush your teeth...). Usually we reserve the term "sepsis" for patients whose infections are so severe that they are in shock; such infections happen more often when the immune system isn't working quite right (because of cancer, AIDS, malfunctioning organs or bone marrow, or other diseases). Very young babies do not have fully-functioning immune systems either and are thus susceptible to sepsis; this is why we routinely give IV antibiotics to any child under 2 months old who has a fever -- we cannot risk leaving sepsis untreated.  (+ info)

How long can you live if you don't treat Sepsis?


My Great Grandmother is very, very ill. She was admitted into the hospital a while ago with: severe anemia, dehydration, and hadn't eaten in a while. They gave her a feeding tube and she was getting better, so they took her out of intensive care, the tube came out and she was able to eat soft foods on her own, but a few days later then noticed she was losing blood, and now had sepsis, they can't find the source of the bleed, or the source of the poisoning in her blood. How long will she live for..? She's 88..
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Sepsis, left untreated can turn deadly in a very little time. Your body fills up with toxins, and it overwhelms your system.

No one can predict how long your grandmother will live. She may very well pull through this and go on to live many more years. Or, her time on earth may be coming to an end.

As long as she's in the hospital, the doctors will do everything they can do to preserve her life for as long as possible.  (+ info)

What's the difference between bacteremia, septicemia, and sepsis?


studying for pathogenic bacteria and getting really mad cuz i see these words and then i look them up and they all say "infection of the blood" or bacteria in the blood". whats the difference??
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Septicemia is the presence of bacteria in the blood (bacteremia) which may lead to sepsis (A serious medical condition characterized by a whole-body inflammatory state caused by infection)  (+ info)

What is the rate/occurrence of surgical sepsis in hospitals today?


I have to do a science assignment and I could not find this on internet.
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Do I know you?  (+ info)

What will your CBC look like when you are in Sepsis or septic shock?


More specifically what will your H/H look like. I know that the WBC will be high and that your platelets will be low.
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"Hematocrit level may be elevated in hypovolemic states because of hemoconcentration."

I'm a healthcare worker and have seen this a few times.  (+ info)

How long does it take for sepsis to set into your bloodstream?


I am looking for minutes or hours that it would take from onset of symptoms.
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Sepsis means that the infection is already in the blood stream before that, it is just an infection. How long it takes an infection to reach sepsis varies due to several critera so there is no way to give a precise time frame. The criteria are:
1. type of bacteria
2. status of person's immune system (the weaker the immunse system, the faster in infection can reach sepsis)
3. the virulence of the bacteria

Sepsis is suspected by symptoms (chills, high fever, rapid heartbeat, etc) but diagnosed by a white blood cell count and a blood culture. Treatment needs to be prompt and consists of IVs and broad spectrum antibiotics. Sepsis can become fatal if not treated quickly.
(I'm an R.N.)  (+ info)

If a person has Sepsis and it doesn't show in four tests already preformed, will it only show in spinal tap?


My dad has most all symptoms of Sepsis (blood infection) . He has had a CT, MRI, white count,blood culture, etc. The doctor ruled out stroke and now wants to do a spinal tap tomorrow to see if maybe he has a blood infetion. All the test I listed are among the list of test to determine, so why hasn't it shown up yet?
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You don't need a positive blood culture to make a diagnosis of sepsis. There are reasons why blood cultures are negative....1) If the bacterial load is small enough to be detected and 2) If the patient has been on prior antibiotics when the culture is performed.

A spinal tap is not done to detect blood infection. It is done to find out the CAUSE of the blood infection.

If you have the characteristics signs of sepsis like fever, low blood pressure (hypotension)and increased heart rate, you don't need a blood culture to make a diagnosis of blood infection (sepsis).
The next step is usually finding the cause of the infection to tailor the antibiotics to be used.  (+ info)

How contagious is sepsis while pregnant?


I'm 9 weeks and 5 days pregnant, my grandmother just passed away today from colonitis and sepsis, i was at the hospital but had a gown and gloves on....do you think it's contagious???
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Last update: September 2014