FAQ - Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
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Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome?


I guess it's known as acute respiratory distress syndrome now. Could someone please tell me what could cause it. My mother died from shortly after giving birth to me, it ended up cause her heart lungs to fail. My mother was in a wheelchair could that have anything to do with it?
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ARDS is a lung disease that can have a multitude of causes including inflammation, impaired gas exchange, etc. It can occur 24-48 hours after an injury or illness and can occur after giving birth. Essentially, ARDS presents with shortness of breath that leads to the inability to breathe and as you unfortunately found out is often fatal.

Here's some more info:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_respiratory_distress_syndrome


I'm sorry for your mother's death.  (+ info)

adult respiratory distress syndrome?


Adult respiratory distress syndrome is synonymous with acute respiratory distress syndrome and is a descriptive term for a fairly massive rapid onset of severe lung injury. There are a number of things which can cause this sort of injury in the lung: infection, fume inhalation injury, autoimmune diseases, trauma, and others. The lung injury causes damage to the alveoli (the numerous air-sacs in the lung) causing them to become leaky and ineffective. Most patients with this sort of injury will need to be on a mechanical ventilator for days to weeks and there is a high death rate. One positive thing, recent studies on how to adjust the various pressures on the mechanical ventilator has improved the chances of survival.  (+ info)

What is the pathophysiology of respiratory distress syndrome?


badly need it. its for our case study. infant respiratory distress syndrome. our patient is premature male baby - 30-31 weeks. our patient was noted to have grunting, chest retractions, edema on his right foot, pinkish to bluish in color. hope it help.

it can be in schematic diagram or in narrative. thanks. please answer, asap.
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How does a heroin overdose cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)?


I'm writing an essay on how heroin addiction affects the body systems, and I've found out that an overdose can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome but I don't know how or why. I know ARDS is when damage to the capillaries that control gas exchange cause the alveoli to fill up with fluid, resulting in lung failure and stopping oxygen from reaching the rest of the body. But how exactly does an overdose of heroin cause this damage?
Someone help!
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Heroin directly affects (among other things) a portion of your brain controlling your rate and depth of respiration. A high dose of Heroin interferes with this area, and the number of depth of respirations slow. As the dosage grows higher, this effect increases until the patient is no longer breathing.

If the patient is inhaling or smoking Heroin there is also a localized effect in the lungs that may cause inflammation or irritation. This can trigger asthma or a fluid build-up. This becomes worse depending on other chemicals that may be in the specific preparation used.  (+ info)

are Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?


are Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?
if not, how are they different?
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Same pathophysiology, different terminology.  (+ info)

What is the link between surfactant and respiratory distress syndrome?


can some one please describe and summarise the link please! any info wil help! thank you!
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Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a breathing problem that sometimes affects babies born about 6 weeks or more before their due dates. Their lungs aren't developed enough to make surfactant (sur-FAK-tant). Surfactant is a liquid that coats the inside of the lungs and keeps them open so that the baby can breathe in air once he or she is born.

Without surfactant, the lungs collapse and the baby has to work hard to breathe. The baby might not be able to breathe in enough oxygen to support the body's organs.

Most infants who develop RDS show signs of breathing problems at birth or within the next few hours. If they're not given the right treatment, their brains and other organs may suffer from the lack of oxygen.

RDS is one of the most common lung disorders in premature babies. It affects about 10 of every 100 premature infants in the United States, or about 40,000 babies, each year. In fact, nearly all babies born before 28 weeks of pregnancy develop RDS. Full-term infants rarely get it.

A lack of surfactant in a premature baby's lungs causes respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Surfactant is a liquid that a fetus' lungs start making at around 26 to 34 weeks of pregnancy. It coats the insides of the lungs and keeps them open so they can breathe in air after birth. Without surfactant, the lungs collapse when the baby exhales. The baby then has to work hard to breathe.

Doctors usually begin treating respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) as soon as the baby is born. At the same time, they do several tests to rule out any other conditions that could be causing the baby's breathing problems. The tests also can confirm that the doctors have diagnosed the condition correctly.

Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) usually begins as soon as the baby is born, sometimes in the delivery room. Most infants who show signs of RDS are quickly moved to a special intensive care unit called a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The most important treatments for RDS are surfactant replacement therapy
and breathing support.  (+ info)

what are the best treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome?


Son is in SICU being treated for this disease.
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Sorry to hear about your son. ARDS has a generally good prognosis in the young though it depends on the cause. The treatment is mainly supportive with invasive mechanical ventilation (respirator). Contrary to the previous answer from the respiratory therapist, there is no one best mode for ARDS ventilation. The key principles are:
1 Low tidal volume ventilation (5-7 ml/kg of ideal body weight)
2 Permission of elevated levels of CO2
3 Weaning (lowering) inspired oxygen levels as soon as possible with goal of arterial oxygen level at or above 55 mm Hg
4 MUST TREAT THE UNDERLYING CAUSE OF ARDS
I do agree with the rotoprone bed in patients who are otherwise having oxygenation issues laying supine (on their back). Otherwise the bed makes nursing care more difficult.
In patients who it is difficult to provide adequate oxygen even despite giving 100% oxygen with the ventilator, alternative modes of ventilation such as high frequency oscillatory ventilation (superior to APRV in my opinion) can be used.
My general approach is to provide just enough oxygen to maintain adequate levels, provide adequate nutrition to meet needs but not excessive and be vigilant for complications such as pressure ulcers, opportunistic infections and finally, get the patient off the ventilator at the very earliest possible opportunity. If a pulmonologist/critical care specialist is not involved, I highly recommend it (my personal bias)
I hope everything works out well and hope that helps  (+ info)

How long would Untreated pneumonia take to turn into acute respiratory distress syndrome?


There's no set amount of time. I've seen it happen in a matter of hours or not at all. It depends on the particular pathogen causing the pneumonia as well as host factors including immune status.  (+ info)

What is respiratory distress syndrome?


An infant, several weeks old, suddenly stopped breathing. She was rushed to the hospital, and, after extensive testing announced that she had this syndrome. More testing to figure out what caused it.
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simply stated, its a reduction in breathing or trouble with breathing.  (+ info)

Diabetes Mellitus and Respiratory Distress Syndrome?


How can Diabetes Mellitus in the mother lead to Respiratory Distress Syndrome in the baby?
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I've never heard or read of any relationship between the two. Has your doctor suggested they are related?  (+ info)

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Last update: September 2014