FAQ - Kidney Failure
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How long will one live with stage 4 kidney failure?

I just found out that my grandma has stage 4 kidney failure. My aunt which has power of attorney denied the option for dialysis. The doctor just told her that meant stage 5 would occur. She also has dimensia and has been taken off those meds because they were not working. Any idea how long one can/will usually live with stage 4 kidney failure? thanks!

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is classified into five stages based on the "efficiency" of the kidneys in filtering blood:

If you are not familiar with the normal functions of the kidney, there are lots of information available:

Stage 4 CKD is compatible with life, meaning that one can live for a long time (theoretically, decades) if the following are met:
1. One takes the steps to preserve what kidney function that is left, so the CKD does not progress to Stage 5 (End-Stage Renal Disease, or ESRD).
2. One follows the dietary restrictions to avoid overburdening the failing kidneys. For example, eating lots of fruits will lead to high potassium levels, and if left untreated, high potassium can cause the heart to stop.

Many treatment options exist for some of the effects of Stage 4 CKD. For example, anemia can be treated with synthetic EPO (a hormone normally produced by the kidneys, telling the bone marrow to make new blood). High potassium can be treated with Kayexalate. High phosphate can be treated with calcium pills. Acidosis can be partially treated with bicarbonate or citrate pills. None of these treatments involve dialysis.

For more information about CKD:

Best wishes for your grandma.  (+ info)

How do people in their 20's get heart attacks and kidney failure?

A close friend of ours had a heart attack yesterday at the age of 27. He had no health problems, wasn't on drugs, ate healthy and exercised everyday. He has no family history of any heart disease. He was happy and everything. I just don't understand how someone so healthy and so young can have a heart attack and kidney failure.

Does anyone know what it could be? The doctors don't know.


When people in their young age die from heart attacks or kidney failure, it's most likely due to stress and strong familial or genetic predisposition that he/she wasn't aware of. Diseases can become very treacherous. Sometimes, they can skip one generation and the next one get them all. You can fight or prevent any diseases caused by environmental factors. But when it comes to genetics, you are powerless; as we don't get to choose our parents. It's the luck of the draw.

Other possible causes of heart diseases and eventual kidney failure might be infections and prescribed or OTC drug reactions. High blood pressure is another cause . High blood pressure can become a silent killer. It can lead to an enlarged heart which evantually cause the heart attack. Other causes might be soda drinks with their aspartame content and foods with highm fructose corn syrup. Or the heart attack followed by kidney failure might be a sequellae to some other illness. such as viral meningitis.

I had one patient complained to me why he has diabetes. He's an engineer. His skin is full of rashes and he's blind because of the diabetes. He was very angry; crying and was mean and was constantly screaming at his wife. "Why?" he said. His father is a philanderer, smokes; gambles and drinks and doesn't have it. Whereas he; , he's a good family man. and now his dignity is taken away from him. Life doesn't seem fair,eh?

However, you can certainly avoid any weak link by cross -breeding or marrying somebody of a different race. Hybrids or "mestizos" have a tendency to have stronger genes than gene- pooling. ;i.e. marrying within the same race.  (+ info)

how long can a person live with liver and kidney failure and they are really bright yellow?

My childrens father is in the hospital and he is very yellow I mean even his teeth. I was told that is liver is shut down or at least almost 99% gone and kidney failure and his heart and blood count is very high. He has been going threw this for a while. How long can you live when your liver shuts down. All he dose is sleep when my kids call him at UCLA hospital. They said he sleeps 80% of the day.

Only the doctor can give you an estimate on this. With the tests they have done and
knowing his medical conditions and all
his other medical condtions in the past...
they can give you an idea.
When the liver fails, the kidneys will follow
because they are trying to remove the
toxins from the body and can become
overwhelmed by this. There is a difference
between liver failure and complete liver
failure. When the liver isn't able to do the
functions it once did for the body efficiently,
it is known as liver failure...complete liver
failure is when the liver cells have died off
to the point that the organ has no which case, the patient will die
if they don't have a transplant.
The yellowing you see
in his skin, caused because the
liver isn't able to break down a pigment known as bilirubin into a soluble form where
it will flow from the liver in the bile to the
intestines...instead it stays in the blood and
builds up causing this yellow color of the
whites of the eyes, mucus membranes and
the skin and also will make the urine quite
Someone who is in complete liver failure and is going into complete kidney failure
may go into a coma first before they really
die. Since you said he was talking and
sleeping...this may mean he is not that far
gone yet. It also means he might be on
medication that may be causing this sleepiness.
If his kidneys are having a problem, they
may place him on dialysis. IF his abdomen
is full with fluid, they can drain that with a
procedure known as paracentesis.

I hope this, in some way, helps to answer
your questions.  (+ info)

How or should I use uva ursi on my dog with kidney failure?

My herbalist said I should use uva ursi on my dog who is suffering from kidney failure, how should I do this or should I at all? I didnt know if I should post this here or dogs, sorry if its wrong=-)

No, I wouldn't because uva ursi will make the kidney work harder and it's for the bladder, not the kidneys. I can't believe a herbalist would recommend it!

There are significant safety concerns with uva ursi. The arbutin contained in uva ursi leaves is broken down in the intestine to another chemical, hydroquinone. This is altered a bit by the liver and then sent to the kidneys for excretion. Hydroquinone then acts as an antiseptic in the bladder. Hydroquinone is also a liver toxin, carcinogen, and irritant. For this reason, uva ursi is not recommended for long-term use. In addition, it should not be taken by young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease.

So I wouldn't use on my dog either.  (+ info)

Is it necessary to be tested for kidney failure yearly?

I have high blood pressure and wondered if kidney failure from high blood pressure can accumulate that quickly. Should I be tested every year?

If you have high blood pressure (hypertension) then yes you should have a blood test every year. They will look for evidence of diabetes and worsening kidney function, two things highly associated with hypertension. If your only medical problem is hypertension though you likely will not need any more frequent testing.  (+ info)

Donating a kidney if kidney failure has been in your family?

I am only fifteen, but when i am older i would like to donate my kidney.
My father recently passed away due to kidney failure since he was in his early twenties and its something i really want to do and have been thinking about doing for a while.

I was wondering if since it has been in my family if i would qualify for the requirements of a donor? or if they had a problem with that.

I was always told my father was the only one with kidney failure, so it is not common in my family at all.

aww :') .. honestly ....i think it all depends on if it is unnaturally caused,, or hereditary . if its hereditory then i think you may have a problem , but it dosent mean you will have it, i dont no where you live ( america/england) but get a health check yourself and that will show wether you have any illnesses at all, if you don't, then im sure ( when your at the legal age ) you'll be a great candidate!

also you may want to consider, if your father had it then there is a chance u may get it when your older, and if you only have one kidney, it wouldnt help.

i dont no if this made any sence lol. hope i helped though :)  (+ info)

What are bad habits that could lead to kidney failure?

like I want to know what actually CAUSES kidney failure, how does it happen?
for ex: not drinking water leads to kidney failure

I know that, but how much do you need to not drink to get kidney failure? i want to know specifically

The top half of this I cut and pasted, the bottom half answers the rest, hopefully. Drink lots of water- you kidneys are really important and it's a very painful way to die if you under hydrate yourself.

* Hypovolemia (low blood volume) due to blood loss

* Dehydration from loss of body fluid (vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, fever )

* Poor intake of fluids

* Medication, for example, diuretics ("water pills") may cause excessive water loss.

* Loss of blood supply to the kidney due to obstruction of the renal artery or vein.

Renal causes (damage directly to the kidney itself) include:

* Sepsis: The body's immune system is overwhelmed from infection and causes inflammation and shutdown of the kidneys. This usually does not occur with urinary tract infections.

* Medications: Some medications are toxic to the kidney, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen. Others are antibiotics like aminoglycosides [gentamicin (Garamycin), tobramycin], lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid), iodine-containing medications such as those injected for radiology dye studies.

* Rhabdomyolysis: This is a situation in which there is significant muscle breakdown in the body, and the degeneration products of muscle fibers clog the filtering system of the kidneys. Often occurring because of trauma and crush injuries, it can also be caused by some medications used to treat high cholesterol.

* Multiple Myeloma

* Acute glomerulonephritis or inflammation of the glomeruli, the filtering system of the kidneys. Many diseases can cause this inflammation including systemic lupus erythematosus, Wegener's granulomatosis, and Goodpasture syndrome.

Post renal causes (post=after + renal= kidney) are due to factors that affect outflow of the urine:

* Obstruction of the bladder or the ureters can cause back pressure when there is no place for the urine to go as the kidneys continue to work. When the pressure increases enough, the kidneys shut down.

* Prostatic hypertrophy or prostate cancer may block the urethra and prevents the bladder from emptying.

* Tumors in the abdomen that surround and obstruct the ureters.

* Kidney stones

Chronic renal failure develops over months and years. The most common causes of chronic renal failure are related to:

* Poorly controlled diabetes

* Poorly controlled high blood pressure

* Chronic glomerulonephritis

Less common causes:

* Polycystic Kidney Disease

* Reflux nephropathy

* Kidney stones

* Prostate disease
So these are the causes (above) some are genetic or environmental, some bad habits are alcohol or drug use (the body must filter the toxins via the kidney). Letting a UTI go untreated could allow the bacteria into your kidneys, if you have diabetes or high blood pressure and you don't control these issues with drugs or diet, you could get kidney failure, prostate issues that go untreated could cause issues, etc. Anorexia could starve the kidneys of blood or nutrients or cause a slow-down of filtration. What really happens is usually one of three things- too much uric acid throws off the PH balance of your kidneys, putting them in a state of acidosis that can lead to breakdown of the lining. Bacteria can infect the kidneys and flood them with white blood cells, thus overloading and shutting down the kidneys from functioning while they try and repair themselves to achieve homeostasis, or they could be starved of oxygen due to lack of red blood cell function from things like lack of oxygen rich fluids (water). Usually it takes the body a little over 2 days of pure dehydration to result in complete renal failure.  (+ info)

My grandfather was just diagnosed with kidney failure, does he have long to live?

My grandfather is 92 and was just diagnosed with kidney failure, from your knowledge how long can he live with this diagnoses at his age? I know what it is but really just need more information on how much time I have to spend with him.

Depends on the severity and type. Without knowing why he developed kidney failure we can't really tell you anything.  (+ info)

Can you have kidney failure if you get a bruise somewhere else after someone has given you a hickey ?

I've got a friend who recently Got a hickey on their neck and a bruise turned up on their leg A big one at that. would this be a sign of kidney failure?

No!  (+ info)

what are the chances of kidney failure that has only16% of both kidneys working?

My dad was diagnosed to have kidney failure both of them has 16 % means he have to go an dialysis.Is there any way we could treat him? pls great advice so worried about my dad.thanks in advance.

Unfortunately he will have to remain on dialysis for the rest of his life. Only treatment is kidney transplantation.
In the meantime get a book for a diet of people with kidney failure. The proper diet and fluids intake is very important for people with kidney failure.  (+ info)

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