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Cases reported "Tooth, Nonvital"

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51/693. Sigmoid colon rupture secondary to Crede's method in a patient with spinal cord injury.

    Crede's method is a manual suprapubic pressure exerted with a clenched fist or fingers, used to initiate micturition, in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) who have neurovesical dysfunction. It is usually a benign maneuver unassociated with any major complications. This paper will illustrate a case report involving a sigmoid colon rupture secondary to Crede's method in a patient with SCI. Various techniques of Crede's method are briefly described. It is recommended that patients with quadriplegia avoid forceful use of Crede's method, as it may cause contusion of the abdominal wall and injuries to internal viscera, possibly leading to colonic rupture. It is believed that this is the first reported case of such an unusual complication of Crede's method in patients with SCI. (+info)

52/693. Acute abdomen in a patient treated with lamprene.

    patients receiving Lamprene may develop acute abdominal symptoms which simulate an abdominal emergency. Withdrawal of the drug relieves these symptoms. The absorption of Lamprene can be increased and deposition in the reticuloendothelial system as crystals can be avoided if it is administered in an alcoholic medium. (+info)

53/693. Spontaneous uterine perforation from uterine infarction: a rare case of acute abdomen.

    A case of spontaneous uterine perforation from uterine infarction is presented. The authors believe that this is the first reported case. (+info)

54/693. Spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma presenting as acute abdomen.

    Five cases of renal angiomyolipoma which underwent spontaneous rupture are described. These patients presented as an "acute abdomen" for which the diagnosis was not initially apparent. A high index of suspicion is required to make the diagnosis even with modern imaging techniques. The treatment of these tumours is discussed. (+info)

55/693. Laparoscopic diagnosis and treatment of an acute epiploic appendagitis with torsion and necrosis causing an acute abdomen.

    Acute epiploic appendagitis is not as rare as previously thought; but, since the presenting signs and symptoms are not specific, preoperative diagnosis has been rarely made. At the present time, a laparoscopic exploration of the peritoneal cavity will establish the correct diagnosis, and the treatment can be provided during the same procedure. Herein, a case of a 63-year-old female patient with acute abdominal syndrome caused by a necrotic epiploic appendix that was successfully diagnosed and treated laparoscopically is described. A review of the literature is made, as well. (+info)

56/693. Primary omentitis as a cause of acute abdomen.

    A 5-year-old boy admitted with localized lower abdominal pain and tenderness simulating acute appendicitis underwent surgery, and primary omentitis without appendicitis or other cause of an acute abdomen was diagnosed. The absence of other concomitant signs and symptoms of acute abdomen was remarkable. This is the first case of primary omentitis as a cause of acute abdomen in the English-language literature. (+info)

57/693. Small intestinal infarction: a fatal complication of systemic oxalosis.

    Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare genetic disorder characterised by calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis leading to renal failure, often with extra-renal oxalate deposition (systemic oxalosis). Although ischaemic complications of crystal deposition in vessel walls are well recognised clinically, these usually take the form of peripheral limb or cutaneous ischaemia. This paper documents the first reported case of fatal intestinal infarction in a 49 year old woman with systemic oxalosis and advocates its consideration in the differential diagnosis of an acute abdomen in such patients. (+info)

58/693. Infantile acute pancreatitis after mumps vaccination simulating an acute abdomen.

    We describe an extremely rare case of acute pancreatitis presenting as an acute abdomen that appeared as a complication of mumps vaccination in a young child. A laparotomy performed because of suspected perforated appendicitis proved unnecessary in retrospect. No similar case in infancy and early childhood has been reported to date. (+info)

59/693. Acute abdominal complications of coeliac disease.

    Two rare complications of coeliac disease are described in patients who presented as acute abdominal emergencies. One of the patients had both oesophageal and small intestinal obstruction produced by an ulcerative process involving these portions of the gastro-intestinal tract. The other, a patient with long standing dermatitis herpetiformis, perforated his small intestine at a site involved by both a lymphoma and partial villous atrophy. (+info)

60/693. 'Acute abdomen' with a rash.

    A previously fit and healthy 17-year-old male presented with the clinical symptoms and signs of an acute abdomen and with the secondary complaint of a rash. In view of the primary presenting complaint he was admitted to the surgical ward. The patient was initially booked for an emergency exploratory laparotomy, but after reassessment on the ward a clinical diagnosis of meningococcal septicaemia was made. The patient was treated medically with intravenous antibiotics and supportive therapy, and made a complete recovery. Medical causes of abdominal pain, as exemplified here, can be more life threatening than surgical causes and should be considered in all patients. (+info)
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Last update: April 2009