Cases reported "Popliteal Cyst"

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11/21. gout presenting as a popliteal cyst. A case of pseudothrombophlebitis.

    A 64-year-old man with progressive swelling and erythema of his right calf preceded by dull aching in the right popliteal fossa was presumed to have deep vein thrombophlebitis. A venogram revealed normal circulation in the right lower leg, and an ultrasound examination of the right popliteal fossa revealed a 2 X 5-cm popliteal cyst. Fluid aspirated from the cyst confirmed the diagnosis of gout. Popliteal cysts associated with gout are rare, and those that rupture, leak, dissect, or enlarge can mimic thrombophlebitis (a phenomenon known as pseudothrombophlebitis). Thus, the primary care physician should consider the diagnosis of popliteal cyst in patients who appear to have deep vein thrombophlebitis.
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keywords = rupture
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12/21. Anterior dissection of popliteal cyst causing anterior compartment syndrome.

    dissection and rupture of popliteal cysts occur commonly. We describe a case of a 13-year-old girl with polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who presented with anterior tibial swelling and dropped foot. She was found to have dissecting popliteal cyst resulting in anterior compartment syndrome.
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13/21. Magnetic resonance appearance of tuberculosis of the knee joint with ruptured Baker's cyst.

    After the spine, the knee joint is the most commonly affected joint in skeletal tuberculosis. Baker's cyst is a rather rare complication of knee joint tuberculosis. The plain radiographic appearance of the tuberculous knee joint has been amply described. We present the magnetic resonance appearance of a tuberculous knee joint associated with a ruptured popliteal cyst.
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ranking = 5
keywords = rupture
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14/21. Pseudothrombophlebitis in an adolescent without rheumatic disease. A case report.

    Pseudothrombophlebitis syndrome is the occurrence of calf pain and swelling caused by extrinsic compression of the popliteal vessels by an enlarging Baker's cyst or by calf inflammation that occurs as the result of a ruptured Baker's cyst. Few cases of pseudothrombophlebitis syndrome have been reported in patients less than 18 years of age, and nearly all these young patients had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Reported here is the case of a 17-year-old male patient without rheumatic disease who presented to the outpatient clinic with a 1-week history of an increasingly painful swelling of the right calf without any history of precipitating factors for a deep vein thrombosis.
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keywords = rupture
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15/21. MRI findings of concurrent acute DVT and dissecting popliteal cyst.

    A case of concurrent popliteal vein thrombosis and a dissecting popliteal cyst noted on the same MRI exam is described. Pseudothrombophlebitis is a well known entity in which a ruptured or dissecting popliteal cyst clinically mimics thrombophlebitis; the current case can be considered "pseudo-pseudo thrombophlebitis." This case demonstrates the importance of routine review of the venous structures of the posterior fossa for all MRI exams of the knee.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rupture
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16/21. Ruptured Baker's cyst causes ecchymosis of the foot. A differential clinical sign.

    Three consecutive patients with ruptured Baker's cysts, verified by duplex scan, were found to have ecchymosis on the dorsum of the foot. The appearance of ecchymosis can be helpful in differentiating a ruptured cyst from cellulitis or deep-vein thrombosis.
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keywords = rupture
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17/21. False aneurysm of the popliteal artery complicating acupuncture.

    This is the first reported case in which acupuncture needle injury of the popliteal artery caused the development of a false aneurysm. The patient presented with rupture of the aneurysm and was successfully managed by arterial repair.
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keywords = rupture
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18/21. Acute compartment syndrome in ruptured Baker's cyst.

    We present a case report of a previously healthy 43-year-old man with a Baker's cyst and spontaneous venous bleeding in a leg compartment, which caused a compartment syndrome. A thorough evaluation of this case and the treatment are explored.
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ranking = 4
keywords = rupture
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19/21. Epstein-Barr (EB) monoarthritis leading to ruptured Baker's cyst.

    We report a case of Epstein-Barr (EB) infection that presented as an acute monoarthritis of the knee. This formed a Baker's cyst which ruptured into the gastrocnemius. The peripheral and synovial white blood counts were dominated by neutrophils. After repeated aspirations, spontaneous resolution occurred.
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ranking = 5
keywords = rupture
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20/21. Posterior tibial neuropathy from ruptured Baker's cyst.

    OBJECTIVES: To increase awareness of entrapment neuropathy caused by rupture of Baker's cyst. methods: A patient with psoriatic arthritis, ruptured Baker's cyst, and entrapment neuropathy is reported and the literature on this complication is reviewed. RESULTS: Nerve entrapment caused by rupture of Baker's cyst is rare. Neurological examination and demonstration of Baker's cyst by color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound (CDDU) help in making the diagnosis. Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) may confirm the diagnosis of posterior tibial nerve entrapment. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral nerve entrapment should be considered in patients with Baker's cysts and loss of sensation along the plantar aspect of the foot or other neurological symptoms or findings.
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ranking = 7
keywords = rupture
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Last update: September 2014